1

General provisions

1.1

SCOPE AND APPLICABILITY

Structure

Annexes A and B of ADR are grouped into nine parts. Annex A consists of Parts 1 to 7, and Annex B of Parts 8 and 9. Each part is subdivided into chapters and each chapter into sections and sub-sections. Within each part the number of the part is included with the numbers of the chapters, sections and sub-sections, for example Part 4, Chapter 2, Section 1 is numbered "4.2.1".

Scope

For the purposes of Article 2 of ADR, Annex A specifies:
(a) Dangerous goods which are barred from international carriage;
(b) Dangerous goods which are authorized for international carriage and the conditions attaching
to them (including exemptions) particularly with regard to:
- classification of goods, including classification criteria and relevant test methods;
- use of packagings (including mixed packing);
- use of tanks (including filling);
- consignment procedures (including marking and labelling of packages and placarding
and marking of means of transport as well as documentation and information required);
- provisions concerning the construction, testing and approval of packagings and tanks;
- use of means of transport (including loading, mixed loading and unloading).

Annex A contains certain provisions which, according to Article 2 of ADR, pertain to Annex B or to
both Annexes A and B, as follows:
1.1.1 Structure
1.1.2.3 (Scope of Annex B)
1.1.2.4
1.1.3.1 Exemptions related to the nature of the transport operation
1.1.3.6 Exemptions related to quantities carried per transport unit
1.1.4 Applicability of other regulations
1.1.4.5 Carriage other than by road
Chapter 1.2 Definitions and units of measurements
Chapter 1.3 Training of persons involved in the carriage of dangerous goods
Chapter 1.4 Safety obligations of the participants
Chapter 1.5 Derogations
Chapter 1.6 Transitional measures
Chapter 1.8 Checks and other support measures to ensure compliance with safety requirements
Chapter 1.9 Transport restrictions by the competent authorities
Chapter 1.10 Security provisions
Chapter 3.1 General
Chapter 3.2 Columns (1), (2), (14), (15) and (19) (application of provisions of Parts 8 and 9 to
individual substances or articles).

For the purposes of Article 2 of ADR, Annex B specifies the conditions regarding the construction,
equipment and operation of vehicles carrying dangerous goods authorized for carriage:
- requirements for vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation;
- requirements concerning the construction and approval of vehicles.

In Article 1(c) of ADR, the word "vehicles" need not refer to one and the same vehicle. An international transport operation may be performed by several different vehicles provided that the operation takes place on the territory of at least two Contracting Parties to ADR between the consignor and the consignee indicated in the transport document.

Exemptions

Exemptions related to the nature of the transport operation

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to:
(a) The carriage of dangerous goods by private individuals where the goods in question are
packaged for retail sale and are intended for their personal or domestic use or for their leisure
or sporting activities provided that measures have been taken to prevent any leakage of
contents in normal conditions of carriage. When these goods are flammable liquids carried in
refillable receptacles filled by, or for, a private individual, the total quantity shall not exceed 60
litres per receptacle and 240 litres per transport unit. Dangerous goods in IBCs, large
packagings or tanks are not considered to be packaged for retail sale;
(b) The carriage of machinery or equipment not specified in this Annex and which happen to
contain dangerous goods in their internal or operational equipment, provided that measures
have been taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal conditions of carriage;
(c) The carriage undertaken by enterprises which is ancillary to their main activity, such as
deliveries to or returns from building or civil engineering sites, or in relation to surveying,
repairs and maintenance, in quantities of not more than 450 litres per packaging, including
intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings, and within the maximum quantities
specified in 1.1.3.6. Measures shall be taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal
conditions of carriage. These exemptions do not apply to Class 7.
Carriage undertaken by such enterprises for their supply or external or internal distribution
does not fall within the scope of this exemption;
(d) The carriage undertaken by the competent authorities for the emergency response or under
their supervision, insofar as such carriage is necessary in relation to the emergency response, in
particular carriage undertaken:
- by breakdown vehicles carrying vehicles which have been involved in accidents or have
broken down and contain dangerous goods; or
- to contain and recover the dangerous goods involved in an incident or accident and
move them to the nearest appropriate safe place;
(e) Emergency transport intended to save human lives or protect the environment provided that all
measures are taken to ensure that such transport is carried out in complete safety;
(f) The carriage of uncleaned empty static storage vessels which have contained gases of Class 2,
groups A, O or F, substances of Class 3 or Class 9 belonging to packing group II or III or
pesticides of Class 6.1 belonging to packing group II or III, subject to the following conditions:
- All openings with the exception of pressure relief devices (when fitted) are hermetically
closed;
- Measures have been taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal conditions of
carriage; and
- The load is fixed in cradles or crates or other handling devices or to the vehicle or
container in such a way that they will not become loose or shift during normal
conditions of carriage.
This exemption does not apply to static storage vessels which have contained desensitized
explosives or substances the carriage of which is prohibited by ADR.
NOTE: For radioactive material, see also 1.7.1.4.

Exemptions related to the carriage of gases

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to the carriage of:
(a) Gases contained in the fuel tanks or cylinders of a vehicle performing a transport operation and
destined for its propulsion or for the operation of any of its equipment used or intended for use
during carriage (e.g. refrigerating equipment).
The gases may be carried in fixed fuel tanks or cylinders, directly connected to the vehicle’s
engine and/or auxiliary equipment or transportable pressure receptacles, which comply with
the pertinent legal provisions.
The total capacity of the fuel tanks or cylinders for a transport unit, including those allowed in
accordance with 1.1.3.3 (a), shall not exceed the amount of energy (MJ) or mass (kg)
corresponding to 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent.
NOTE 1: The value of 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent corresponds to the fuel limit of 1.1.3.3
(a) (1500 litres). For the energy content of fuels see the following Table:
 

Fuel

Energy content

Diesel

36 MJ/litre

Petrol

32 MJ/litre

Natural Gas/Biogas

35 MJ/Nm3

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)

24 MJ/litre

Ethanol

21 MJ/litre

Biodiesel

33 MJ/litre

Emulsion fuel

32 MJ/litre

Hydrogen

11 MJ/Nm3

 
 
The total capacity shall not exceed:
- 1 080 kg for LNG and CNG;
- 2 250 litres for LPG;
NOTE2: A container fitted with equipment for use during carriage, secured on a vehicle,
is considered as an integral part of the vehicle and benefits from the same exemptions as
regards the fuel necessary to operate the equipment.
(b) (Deleted)
(c) Gases of Groups A and O (according to 2.2.2.1), if the pressure of the gas in the receptacle or
tank at a temperature of 20 °C does not exceed 200 kPa (2 bar) and if the gas is not a liquefied
or a refrigerated liquefied gas. This includes every kind of receptacle or tank, e.g. also parts of
machinery and apparatus;
NOTE: This exemption does not apply to lamps. For lamps see 1.1.3.10.
(d) Gases contained in the equipment used for the operation of the vehicle (e.g. fire extinguishers),
including in spare parts (e.g. inflated pneumatic tyres); this exemption also applies to inflated
pneumatic tyres carried as a load;
(e) Gases contained in the special equipment of vehicles and necessary for the operation of this
special equipment during transport (cooling systems, fish-tanks, heaters, etc.) as well as spare
receptacles for such equipment or uncleaned empty exchange receptacles, transported in the
same transport unit;
(f) Gases contained in foodstuffs (except UN 1950), including carbonated beverages; and
(g) Gases contained in balls intended for use in sports.
(h) (Deleted)
 

Exemptions related to the carriage of liquid fuels

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to the carriage of:
(a) Fuel contained in the tanks of a vehicle performing a transport operation and destined for its
propulsion or for the operation of any of its equipment used or intended for use during carriage.
The fuel may be carried in fixed fuel tanks, directly connected to the vehicle’s engine and/or
auxiliary equipment, which comply with the pertinent legal provisions, or may be carried in
portable fuel containers (such as jerricans).
The total capacity of the fixed tanks shall not exceed 1500 litres per transport unit and the
capacity of a tank fitted to a trailer shall not exceed 500 litres. A maximum of 60 litres per
transport unit may be carried in portable fuel containers. These restrictions shall not apply to
vehicles operated by the emergency services.
NOTE1: A container fitted with equipment for use during carriage, secured on a vehicle,
is considered as an integral part of the vehicle and benefits from the same exemptions as
regards the fuel necessary to operate the equipment.
NOTE2: The total capacity of the tanks or cylinders, including those containing gaseous
fuels, shall not exceed 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent (see NOTE 1 in 1.1.3.2 (a)).
(b) and (c) (Deleted)

Exemptions related to special provisions or to dangerous goods packed in limited or excepted quantities

 
NOTE: For radioactive material, see also 1.7.1.4.

Certain special provisions of Chapter 3.3 exempt partially or totally the carriage of specific dangerous goods from the requirements of ADR. The exemption applies when the special provision is referred to in Column (6) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 against the dangerous goods entry concerned.

Certain dangerous goods may be subject to exemptions provided that the conditions of Chapter 3.4 are met.
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