Lithium batteries shall meet the following requirements, except when otherwise provided for in ADR
(e.g. for prototype batteries and small production runs under special provision 310 or damaged
batteries under special provision 376).
Cells and batteries, cells and batteries contained in equipment, or cells and batteries packed with
equipment, containing lithium in any form shall be assigned to UN Nos. 3090, 3091, 3480 or 3481 as
appropriate. They may be carried under these entries if they meet the following provisions:
(a) Each cell or battery is of the type proved to meet the requirements of each test of the
Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, sub-section 38.3;
NOTE: Batteries shall be of a type proved to meet the testing requirements of the
Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, sub-section 38.3, irrespective of whether the cells of
which they are composed are of a tested type.
(b) Each cell and battery incorporates a safety venting device or is designed to preclude a
violent rupture under normal conditions of carriage;
(c) Each cell and battery is equipped with an effective means of preventing external short
(d) Each battery containing cells or series of cells connected in parallel is equipped with
effective means as necessary to prevent dangerous reverse current flow (e.g., diodes, fuses,
(e) Cells and batteries shall be manufactured under a quality management programme that
(i) A description of the organizational structure and responsibilities of personnel with
regard to design and product quality;
(ii) The relevant inspection and test, quality control, quality assurance, and process
operation instructions that will be used;
(iii) Process controls that should include relevant activities to prevent and detect internal
short circuit failure during manufacture of cells;
(iv) Quality records, such as inspection reports, test data, calibration data and certificates.
Test data shall be kept and made available to the competent authority upon request;
(v) Management reviews to ensure the effective operation of the quality management
(vi) A process for control of documents and their revision;
(vii) A means for control of cells or batteries that are not conforming to the type tested as
mentioned in (a) above;
(viii) Training programmes and qualification procedures for relevant personnel; and
(ix) Procedures to ensure that there is no damage to the final product.
NOTE: In house quality management programmes may be accepted. Third party
certification is not required, but the procedures listed in (i) to (ix) above shall be properly
recorded and traceable. A copy of the quality management programme shall be made
available to the competent authority upon request.
Lithium batteries are not subject to the provisions of ADR if they meet the requirements of special
provision 188 of Chapter 3.3.