Lithium battery mark
Packages containing lithium cells or batteries prepared in accordance with special provision 188 shall
be marked as shown in Figure 126.96.36.199.2.
The mark shall indicate the UN number preceded by the letters "UN", i.e. ‘UN 3090’ for lithium metal
cells or batteries or ‘UN 3480’ for lithium ion cells or batteries. Where the lithium cells or batteries
are contained in, or packed with, equipment, the UN number preceded by the letters "UN", i.e. ‘UN
3091’ or ‘UN 3481’ as appropriate shall be indicated. Where a package contains lithium cells or
batteries assigned to different UN numbers, all applicable UN numbers shall be indicated on one or
The mark shall be in the form of a rectangle with hatched edging. The dimensions shall be a minimum
of 120 mm wide x 110 mm high and the minimum width of the hatching shall be 5 mm. The symbol
(group of batteries, one damaged and emitting flame, above the UN number for lithium ion or lithium
metal batteries or cells) shall be black on white. The hatching shall be red. If the size of the package
so requires, the dimensions/line thickness may be reduced to not less than 105 mm wide x 74 mm
high. Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in approximate proportion to those
Except as provided in 188.8.131.52.2:
- combination packagings having inner packagings containing liquids;
- single packagings fitted with vents; and
- cryogenic receptacles intended for the carriage of refrigerated liquefied gases,
shall be legibly marked with package orientation arrows which are similar to the illustration shown
below or with those meeting the specifications of ISO 780:1997. The orientation arrows shall appear
on two opposite vertical sides of the package with the arrows pointing in the correct upright direction.
They shall be rectangular and of a size that is clearly visible commensurate with the size of the
package. Depicting a rectangular border around the arrows is optional.
Orientation arrows are not required on:
(a) Outer packagings containing pressure receptacles except cryogenic receptacles;
(b) Outer packagings containing dangerous goods in inner packagings each containing not more
than 120 ml, with sufficient absorbent material between the inner and outer packagings to
completely absorb the liquid contents;
(c) Outer packagings containing Class 6.2 infectious substances in primary receptacles each
containing not more than 50 ml;
(d) Type IP-2, type IP-3, type A, type B(U), type B(M) or type C packages containing Class 7
(e) Outer packagings containing articles which are leak-tight in all orientations (e.g. alcohol or
mercury in thermometers, aerosols, etc.); or
(f) Outer packagings containing dangerous goods in hermetically sealed inner packagings each
containing not more than 500 ml.
Arrows for purposes other than indicating proper package orientation shall not be displayed on a
package marked in accordance with this sub-section.
Labelling of packages
For each article or substance listed in Table A of Chapter 3.2, the labels shown in Column (5) shall be
affixed unless otherwise provided for by a special provision in Column (6).
Indelible danger marks corresponding exactly to the prescribed models may be used instead of labels.
Except as provided in 184.108.40.206.1.2, each label shall:
(a) be affixed to the same surface of the package, if the dimensions of the package allow; for
packages of Class1 and 7, near the mark indicating the proper shipping name;
(b) be so placed on the package that it is not covered or obscured by any part or attachment to the
packaging or any other label or marks; and
(c) be displayed next to each other when more than one label is required.
Where a package is of such an irregular shape or small size that a label cannot be satisfactorily
affixed, the label may be attached to the package by a securely affixed tag or other suitable means.