6

Requirements for the construction and testing of packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), large packagings, tanks and bulk containers

6.1

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND TESTING OF PACKAGINGS

General

The requirements of this Chapter do not apply to:
(a) Packages containing radioactive material of Class 7, unless otherwise provided (see 4.1.9);
(b) Packages containing infectious substances of Class 6.2, unless otherwise provided
(see Chapter 6.3, Note and packing instruction P621 of 4.1.4.1);
(c) Pressure receptacles containing gases of Class 2;
(d) Packages whose net mass exceeds 400 kg;
(e) Packagings for liquids, other than combination packagings, with a capacity exceeding
450 litres.

The requirements for packagings in 6.1.4 are based on packagings currently used. In order to take into
account progress in science and technology, there is no objection to the use of packagings having
specifications different from those in 6.1.4, provided that they are equally effective, acceptable to the
competent authority and able successfully to withstand the tests described in 6.1.1.3 and 6.1.5.
Methods of testing other than those described in this Chapter are acceptable, provided they are
equivalent, and are recognized by the competent authority.

Every packaging intended to contain liquids shall successfully undergo a suitable leakproofness test.
This test is part of a quality assurance programme as stipulated in 6.1.1.4 which shows the capability
of meeting the appropriate test level indicated in 6.1.5.4.3:
(a) Before it is first used for carriage;
(b) After remanufacturing or reconditioning, before it is re-used for carriage;
For this test, packagings need not have their own closures fitted.
The inner receptacle of composite packagings may be tested without the outer packaging provided the
test results are not affected.
This test is not necessary for:
- Inner packagings of combination packagings;
- Inner receptacles of composite packagings (glass, porcelain or stoneware), marked with the
symbol "RID/ADR" according to 6.1.3.1 (a) (ii);
- Light gauge metal packagings, marked with the symbol "RID/ADR" according to
6.1.3.1 (a) (ii).

Packagings shall be manufactured, reconditioned and tested under a quality assurance programme
which satisfies the competent authority in order to ensure that each packaging meets the requirements
of this Chapter.
NOTE: ISO 16106:2006 "Packaging – Transport packages for dangerous goods – Dangerous
goods packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings – Guidelines for the
application of ISO 9001" provides acceptable guidance on procedures which may be followed.

Manufacturers and subsequent distributors of packagings shall provide information regarding
procedures to be followed and a description of the types and dimensions of closures (including
required gaskets) and any other components needed to ensure that packages as presented for carriage
are capable of passing the applicable performance tests of this Chapter.

Code for designating types of packagings

The code consists of:
(a) An Arabic numeral indicating the kind of packaging, e.g. drum, jerrican, etc., followed by;
(b) A capital letter(s) in Latin characters indicating the nature of the material, e.g. steel, wood, etc.,
followed where necessary by;
(c) An Arabic numeral indicating the category of packaging within the kind to which the
packaging belongs.

In the case of composite packagings, two capital letters in Latin characters are used in sequence in the
second position of the code. The first indicates the material of the inner receptacle and the second that
of the outer packaging.

In the case of combination packagings only the code number for the outer packaging is used.

The letters "T", "V" or "W" may follow the packaging code. The letter "T" signifies a salvage
packaging conforming to the requirements of 6.1.5.1.11. The letter "V" signifies a special packaging
conforming to the requirements of 6.1.5.1.7. The letter "W" signifies that the packaging, although of
the same type indicated by the code, is manufactured to a specification different to that in 6.1.4 and is
considered equivalent under the requirements of 6.1.1.2.

The following numerals shall be used for the kinds of packaging:
l. Drum
2. (Reserved)
3. Jerrican
4. Box
5. Bag
6. Composite packaging
7. (Reserved)
0. Light gauge metal packagings

The following capital letters shall be used for the types of material:
A. Steel (all types and surface treatments)
B. Aluminium
C. Natural wood
D. Plywood
F. Reconstituted wood
G. Fibreboard
H. Plastics material
L. Textile
M. Paper, multiwall
N. Metal (other than steel or aluminium)
P. Glass, porcelain or stoneware
NOTE: Plastics material is taken to include other polymeric materials such as rubber.
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