Marking

NOTE 1: The marks indicate that the packaging which bears them correspond to a successfully tested
design type and that it complies with the requirements of this Chapter which are related to the
manufacture, but not to the use, of the packaging. In itself, therefore, the mark does not necessarily
confirm that the packaging may be used for any substance: generally the type of packaging (e.g. steel
drum), its maximum capacity and/or mass, and any special requirements are specified for each
substance in Table A of Chapter 3.2.
NOTE 2: The marks are intended to be of assistance to packaging manufacturers, reconditioners,
packaging users, carriers and regulatory authorities. In relation to the use of a new packaging, the
original marks are a means for its manufacturer(s) to identify the type and to indicate those
performance test regulations that have been met.
NOTE 3: The marks do not always provide full details of the test levels, etc., and these may need to
be taken further into account, e.g. by reference to a test certificate, to test reports or to a register of
successfully tested packagings. For example, a packaging having an X or Y mark may be used for
substances to which a packing group having a lesser degree of danger has been assigned with the
relevant maximum permissible value of the relative density1 determined by taking into account the
factor 1.5 or 2.25 indicated in the packaging test requirements in 6.1.5 as appropriate, i.e. packing
 
1 Relative density (d) is considered to be synonymous with Specific Gravity (SG) and is used throughout this text.
 
group I packaging tested for products of relative density 1.2 could be used as a packing group II
packaging for products of relative density 1.8 or a packing group III packaging for products of
relative density 2.7, provided of course that all the performance criteria can still be met with the
higher relative density product.

 

Each packaging intended for use according to the ADR shall bear marks which are durable, legible
and placed in a location and of such a size relative to the packaging as to be readily visible. For
packages with a gross mass of more than 30 kg, the marks or a duplicate thereof shall appear on the
top or on a side of the packaging. Letters, numerals and symbols shall be at least 12 mm high, except
for packagings of 30 litres or 30 kg capacity or less, when they shall be at least 6 mm in height and for
packagings of 5 litres or 5 kg or less when they shall be of an appropriate size.
The marks shall show:

(a) (i) The United Nations packaging symbol

This symbol shall not be used for any purpose other than certifying that a packaging, a
flexible bulk container, a portable tank or a MEGC complies with the relevant
requirements in Chapter 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7 or 6.11. For embossed metal
packagings, the capital letters "UN" may be applied instead of the symbol; or
(ii) The symbol "RID/ADR" for composite packagings (glass, porcelain or stoneware) and
light gauge metal packagings conforming to simplified conditions (see 6.1.1.3, 6.1.5.3.1
(e), 6.1.5.3.5 (c), 6.1.5.4, 6.1.5.5.1 and 6.1.5.6);
NOTE: Packagings bearing this symbol are approved for rail, road and inland
waterways transport operations which are subject to the provisions of RID, ADR and
ADN respectively. They are not necessarily accepted for carriage by other modes of
transport or for transport operations by road, rail or inland waterways which are
governed by other regulations.
(b) The code designating the type of packaging according to 6.1.2;
(c) A code in two parts:
(i) a letter designating the packing group(s) for which the design type has been successfully
tested:
X for packing groups I, II and III;
Y for packing groups II and III;
Z for packing group III only;
(ii) the relative density, rounded off to the first decimal, for which the design type has been
tested for packagings without inner packagings intended to contain liquids; this may be
omitted when the relative density does not exceed 1.2. For packagings intended to
contain solids or inner packagings, the maximum gross mass in kilograms.
For light-gauge metal packagings, marked with the symbol "RID/ADR" according to 6.1.3.1
(a) (ii) intended to contain liquids having a viscosity at 23 °C exceeding 200 mm2/s, the
maximum gross mass in kg;
(d) Either the letter "S" denoting that the packaging is intended for the carriage of solids or inner
packagings or, for packagings (other than combination packagings) intended to contain liquids,
the hydraulic test pressure which the packaging was shown to withstand in kPa rounded down
to the nearest 10 kPa.
For light-gauge metal packagings, marked with the symbol "RID/ADR, according to 6.1.3.1(a)
(ii) intended to contain liquids having a viscosity at 23 °C exceeding 200 mm2/s, the letter "S";
(e) The last two digits of the year during which the packaging was manufactured. Packagings of
types 1H and 3H shall also be appropriately marked with the month of manufacture; this may
be marked on the packaging in a different place from the remainder of the marks. An
appropriate method is:

* The last two digits of the year of manufacture may be displayed at that place. In such a case,
the two digits of the year in the type approval mark and in the inner circle of the clock shall be
identical.
NOTE: Other methods that provide the minimum required information in a durable, visible
and legible form are also acceptable.
(f) The State authorizing the allocation of the mark, indicated by the distinguishing sign used on
vehicles in international road traffic2;
(g) The name of the manufacturer or other identification of the packaging specified by the
competent authority.

In addition to the durable marks prescribed in 6.1.3.1, every new metal drum of a capacity greater than
100 litres shall bear the marks described in 6.1.3.1 (a) to (e) on the bottom, with an indication of the
nominal thickness of at least the metal used in the body (in mm, to 0.1 mm), in permanent form (e.g.
embossed). When the nominal thickness of either head of a metal drum is thinner than that of the
body, the nominal thickness of the top head, body, and bottom head shall be marked on the bottom in
permanent form (e.g. embossed), for example "1.0-1.2-1.0" or "0.9-1.0-1.0". Nominal thickness of
metal shall be determined according to the appropriate ISO standard, for example ISO 3574:1999 for
steel. The marks indicated in 6.1.3.1 (f) and (g) shall not be applied in a permanent form except as
provided in 6.1.3.5.

Every packaging other than those referred to in 6.1.3.2 liable to undergo a reconditioning process shall
bear the marks indicated in 6.1.3.1 (a) to (e) in a permanent form. Marks are permanent if they are
able to withstand the reconditioning process (e.g. embossed). For packagings other than metal drums
of a capacity greater than 100 litres, these permanent marks may replace the corresponding durable
marks prescribed in 6.1.3.1.

For remanufactured metal drums, if there is no change to the packaging type and no replacement or
removal of integral structural components, the required marks need not be permanent. Every other
remanufactured metal drum shall bear the marks in 6.1.3.1 (a) to (e) in a permanent form
(e.g. embossed) on the top head or side.

Metal drums made from materials (e.g. stainless steel) designed to be reused repeatedly may bear the
marks indicated in 6.1.3.1 (f) and (g) in a permanent form (e.g. embossed).

The marks in accordance with 6.1.3.1 are valid for only one design type or series of design types.
Different surface treatments may fall within the same design type.
 
2 Distinguishing sign of the State of registration used on motor vehicles and trailers in international road traffic,
e.g. in accordance with the Geneva Convention on Road Traffic of 1949 or the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic of
1968.
 
A "series of design types" means packagings of the same structural design, wall thickness, material
and cross-section, which differ only in their lesser design heights from the design type approved.
The closures of receptacles shall be identifiable as those referred to in the test report.

 

Marks shall be applied in the sequence of the sub-paragraphs in 6.1.3.1; each mark required in these
sub-paragraphs and when appropriate sub-paragraphs (h) to (j) of 6.1.3.8 shall be clearly separated,
e.g. by a slash or space, so as to be easily identifiable. For examples, see 6.1.3.11.
Any additional marks authorized by a competent authority shall still enable the other marks required
in 6.1.3.1 to be correctly identified.

After reconditioning a packaging, the reconditioner shall apply to it a durable marking showing, in
sequence, durable marks showing:
(h) The State in which the reconditioning was carried out, indicated by the distinguishing sign used
on vehicles in international road traffic2;
(i) The name of the reconditioner or other identification of the packaging specified by the
competent authority;
(j) The year of reconditioning; the letter "R"; and, for every packaging successfully passing the
leakproofness test in 6.1.1.3, the additional letter "L".

When, after reconditioning, the marks required by 6.1.3.1 (a) to (d) no longer appear on the top head
or the side of a metal drum, the reconditioner also shall apply them in a durable form followed by
6.1.3.8 (h), (i) and (j). These marks shall not identify a greater performance capability than that for
which the original design type had been tested and marked.

Packagings manufactured with recycled plastics material as defined in 1.2.1 shall be marked "REC".
This mark shall be placed near the marks prescribed in 6.1.3.1.
 
2 Distinguishing sign of the State of registration used on motor vehicles and trailers in international road traffic,
e.g. in accordance with the Geneva Convention on Road Traffic of 1949 or the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic of
1968.

 

Examples for marking NEW packagings

Examples for marking RECONDITIONED packagings

Example for marking SALVAGE packagings

NOTE: The marking, for which examples are given in 6.1.3.11, 6.1.3.12 and 6.1.3.13 may be applied
in a single line or in multiple lines provided the correct sequence is respected.

Certification

By affixing marks in accordance with 6.1.3.1, it is certified that mass-produced packagings
correspond to the approved design type and that the requirements referred to in the approval have been
met.
Previous Matter Next Matter

adrbook.com - Copyright all rights reserved. © 2015-2018