Preparation of packagings for testing

Samples of each packaging shall be prepared as for carriage, except that a liquid or solid infectious
substance shall be replaced by water or, where conditioning at –18 °C is specified, by
water/antifreeze. Each primary receptacle shall be filled to not less than 98% of its capacity.
NOTE: The term water includes water/antifreeze solution with a minimum specific gravity of 0.95
for testing at – 18 °C.

Tests and number of samples required

Tests required for packaging types

Type of packaging a

Tests required

Rigid outer packaging

Primary receptacle

Water spray 6.3.5.3.6.1

Cold conditioning 6.3.5.3.6.2

Drop 6.3.5.3

Additional drop 6.3.5.3.6.3

Puncture 6.3.5.4

Stack 6.1.5.6

Plastics

Other

No. of samples

No. of samples

No. of samples

No. of samples

No. of samples

No. of samples

Fibreboard box

x

 

5

5

10

     
 

x

5

0

5

2

Fibreboard drum

x

 

3

3

6

2

 

Required on three samples when testing a "U"-marked packaging as defined in

6.3.5.1.6 for specific provisions.

 

x

3

0

3

2

Plastics box

x

 

0

5

5

2

 

x

0

5

5

2

Plastics drum/ jerrican

x

 

0

3

3

2

 

x

0

3

3

2

Boxes of other material

x

 

0

5

5

2

 

x

0

0

5

2

Drums/ jerricans of other material

x

 

0

3

3

2

 

x

0

0

3

2

 

a "Type of packaging" categorizes packagings for test purposes according to the kind of packaging and its
material characteristics.
NOTE 1: In instances where a primary receptacle is made of two or more materials, the
material most liable to damage determines the appropriate test.
NOTE 2: The material of the secondary packagings are not taken into consideration when
selecting the test or conditioning for the test.
Explanation for use of the table:
If the packaging to be tested consists of a fibreboard outer box with a plastics primary receptacle, five
samples must undergo the water spray test (see 6.3.5.3.6.1) prior to dropping and another five must be
conditioned to – 18 °C (see 6.3.5.3.6.2) prior to dropping. If the packaging is to contain dry ice then
one further single sample shall be dropped five times after conditioning in accordance with
6.3.5.3.6.3.
Packagings prepared as for carriage shall be subjected to the tests in 6.3.5.3 and 6.3.5.4. For outer
packagings, the headings in the table relate to fibreboard or similar materials whose performance may
be rapidly affected by moisture; plastics which may embrittle at low temperature; and other materials
such as metal whose performance is not affected by moisture or temperature.

Drop test

Samples shall be subjected to free-fall drops from a height of 9 m onto a non-resilient, horizontal, flat,
massive and rigid surface in conformity with 6.1.5.3.4.

Where the samples are in the shape of a box, five shall be dropped one in each of the following
orientations:
(a) flat on the base;
(b) flat on the top;
(c) flat on the longest side;
(d) flat on the shortest side;
(e) on a corner.

 
Where the samples are in the shape of a drum, three shall be dropped one in each of the following
orientations:
(a)         diagonally on the top chime, with the centre of gravity directly above the point of 
impact;
 
(b)          diagonally on the base chime;
 
(c)          flat on the side.
 

While the sample shall be released in the required orientation, it is accepted that for aerodynamic
reasons the impact may not take place in that orientation.

Following the appropriate drop sequence, there shall be no leakage from the primary receptacle(s)
which shall remain protected by cushioning/absorbent material in the secondary packaging.

Special preparation of test sample for the drop test

Fibreboard - Water spray test

Fibreboard outer packagings: The sample shall be subjected to a water spray that simulates exposure
to rainfall of approximately 5 cm per hour for at least one hour. It shall then be subjected to the test
described in 6.3.5.3.1.

Plastics material – Cold conditioning

Plastics primary receptacles or outer packagings: The temperature of the test sample and its contents
shall be reduced to – 18 °C or lower for a period of at least 24 hours and within 15 minutes of removal
from that atmosphere the test sample shall be subjected to the test described in 6.3.5.3.1. Where the
sample contains dry ice, the conditioning period shall be reduced to 4 hours.

Packagings intended to contain dry ice – Additional drop test

Where the packaging is intended to contain dry ice, a test additional to that specified in 6.3.5.3.1 and,
when appropriate, in 6.3.5.3.6.1 or 6.3.5.3.6.2 shall be carried out. One sample shall be stored so that
all the dry ice dissipates and then that sample shall be dropped in one of the orientations described in
6.3.5.3.2 which shall be that most likely to result in failure of the packaging.

Puncture test

Packagings with a gross mass of 7 kg or less

Samples shall be placed on a level hard surface. A cylindrical steel rod with a mass of at least 7 kg, a
diameter of 38 mm and whose impact end edges have a radius not exceeding 6 mm (see Figure
6.3.5.4.2), shall be dropped in a vertical free fall from a height of 1 m, measured from the impact end
to the impact surface of the sample. One sample shall be placed on its base. A second sample shall be
placed in an orientation perpendicular to that used for the first. In each instance the steel rod shall be
aimed to impact the primary receptacle. Following each impact, penetration of the secondary
packaging is acceptable, provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).
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