Drop test

Samples shall be subjected to free-fall drops from a height of 9 m onto a non-resilient, horizontal, flat,
massive and rigid surface in conformity with 6.1.5.3.4.

Where the samples are in the shape of a box, five shall be dropped one in each of the following
orientations:
(a) flat on the base;
(b) flat on the top;
(c) flat on the longest side;
(d) flat on the shortest side;
(e) on a corner.

 
Where the samples are in the shape of a drum, three shall be dropped one in each of the following
orientations:
(a)         diagonally on the top chime, with the centre of gravity directly above the point of 
impact;
 
(b)          diagonally on the base chime;
 
(c)          flat on the side.
 

While the sample shall be released in the required orientation, it is accepted that for aerodynamic
reasons the impact may not take place in that orientation.

Following the appropriate drop sequence, there shall be no leakage from the primary receptacle(s)
which shall remain protected by cushioning/absorbent material in the secondary packaging.

Special preparation of test sample for the drop test

Fibreboard - Water spray test

Fibreboard outer packagings: The sample shall be subjected to a water spray that simulates exposure
to rainfall of approximately 5 cm per hour for at least one hour. It shall then be subjected to the test
described in 6.3.5.3.1.

Plastics material – Cold conditioning

Plastics primary receptacles or outer packagings: The temperature of the test sample and its contents
shall be reduced to – 18 °C or lower for a period of at least 24 hours and within 15 minutes of removal
from that atmosphere the test sample shall be subjected to the test described in 6.3.5.3.1. Where the
sample contains dry ice, the conditioning period shall be reduced to 4 hours.

Packagings intended to contain dry ice – Additional drop test

Where the packaging is intended to contain dry ice, a test additional to that specified in 6.3.5.3.1 and,
when appropriate, in 6.3.5.3.6.1 or 6.3.5.3.6.2 shall be carried out. One sample shall be stored so that
all the dry ice dissipates and then that sample shall be dropped in one of the orientations described in
6.3.5.3.2 which shall be that most likely to result in failure of the packaging.

Puncture test

Packagings with a gross mass of 7 kg or less

Samples shall be placed on a level hard surface. A cylindrical steel rod with a mass of at least 7 kg, a
diameter of 38 mm and whose impact end edges have a radius not exceeding 6 mm (see Figure
6.3.5.4.2), shall be dropped in a vertical free fall from a height of 1 m, measured from the impact end
to the impact surface of the sample. One sample shall be placed on its base. A second sample shall be
placed in an orientation perpendicular to that used for the first. In each instance the steel rod shall be
aimed to impact the primary receptacle. Following each impact, penetration of the secondary
packaging is acceptable, provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).

Packagings with a gross mass exceeding 7 kg

Samples shall be dropped on to the end of a cylindrical steel rod. The rod shall be set vertically in a
level hard surface. It shall have a diameter of 38 mm and the edges of the upper end a radius not
exceeding 6 mm (see Figure 6.3.5.4.2). The rod shall protrude from the surface a distance at least
equal to that between the centre of the primary receptacle(s) and the outer surface of the outer
packaging with a minimum of 200 mm. One sample shall be dropped with its top face lowermost in a
vertical free fall from a height of 1 m, measured from the top of the steel rod. A second sample shall
be dropped from the same height in an orientation perpendicular to that used for the first. In each
instance, the packaging shall be so orientated that the steel rod would be capable of penetrating the
primary receptacle(s). Following each impact, penetration of the secondary packaging is acceptable
provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).
 
Figure 6.3.5.4.2

Test report

A written test report containing at least the following particulars shall be drawn up and shall be
available to the users of the packaging:
1. Name and address of the test facility;
2. Name and address of applicant (where appropriate);
3. A unique test report identification;
4. Date of the test and of the report;
5. Manufacturer of the packaging;
6. Description of the packaging design type (e.g. dimensions, materials, closures, thickness, etc.),
including method of manufacture (e.g. blow moulding) and which may include drawing(s)
and/or photograph(s);
7. Maximum capacity;
8. Test contents;
9. Test descriptions and results;
10. The test report shall be signed with the name and status of the signatory.

 

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