Special preparation of test sample for the drop test
Fibreboard - Water spray test
Fibreboard outer packagings: The sample shall be subjected to a water spray that simulates exposure
to rainfall of approximately 5 cm per hour for at least one hour. It shall then be subjected to the test
described in 220.127.116.11.1.
Plastics material – Cold conditioning
Plastics primary receptacles or outer packagings: The temperature of the test sample and its contents
shall be reduced to – 18 °C or lower for a period of at least 24 hours and within 15 minutes of removal
from that atmosphere the test sample shall be subjected to the test described in 18.104.22.168.1. Where the
sample contains dry ice, the conditioning period shall be reduced to 4 hours.
Packagings intended to contain dry ice – Additional drop test
Where the packaging is intended to contain dry ice, a test additional to that specified in 22.214.171.124.1 and,
when appropriate, in 126.96.36.199.6.1 or 188.8.131.52.6.2 shall be carried out. One sample shall be stored so that
all the dry ice dissipates and then that sample shall be dropped in one of the orientations described in
184.108.40.206.2 which shall be that most likely to result in failure of the packaging.
Packagings with a gross mass of 7 kg or less
Samples shall be placed on a level hard surface. A cylindrical steel rod with a mass of at least 7 kg, a
diameter of 38 mm and whose impact end edges have a radius not exceeding 6 mm (see Figure
220.127.116.11.2), shall be dropped in a vertical free fall from a height of 1 m, measured from the impact end
to the impact surface of the sample. One sample shall be placed on its base. A second sample shall be
placed in an orientation perpendicular to that used for the first. In each instance the steel rod shall be
aimed to impact the primary receptacle. Following each impact, penetration of the secondary
packaging is acceptable, provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).
Packagings with a gross mass exceeding 7 kg
Samples shall be dropped on to the end of a cylindrical steel rod. The rod shall be set vertically in a
level hard surface. It shall have a diameter of 38 mm and the edges of the upper end a radius not
exceeding 6 mm (see Figure 18.104.22.168.2). The rod shall protrude from the surface a distance at least
equal to that between the centre of the primary receptacle(s) and the outer surface of the outer
packaging with a minimum of 200 mm. One sample shall be dropped with its top face lowermost in a
vertical free fall from a height of 1 m, measured from the top of the steel rod. A second sample shall
be dropped from the same height in an orientation perpendicular to that used for the first. In each
instance, the packaging shall be so orientated that the steel rod would be capable of penetrating the
primary receptacle(s). Following each impact, penetration of the secondary packaging is acceptable
provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).
A written test report containing at least the following particulars shall be drawn up and shall be
available to the users of the packaging:
1. Name and address of the test facility;
2. Name and address of applicant (where appropriate);
3. A unique test report identification;
4. Date of the test and of the report;
5. Manufacturer of the packaging;
6. Description of the packaging design type (e.g. dimensions, materials, closures, thickness, etc.),
including method of manufacture (e.g. blow moulding) and which may include drawing(s)
7. Maximum capacity;
8. Test contents;
9. Test descriptions and results;
10. The test report shall be signed with the name and status of the signatory.
The test report shall contain statements that the packaging prepared as for carriage was tested in
accordance with the appropriate requirements of this Chapter and that the use of other packaging
methods or components may render it invalid. A copy of the test report shall be available to the
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION, TESTING AND APPROVAL OF PACKAGES FOR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL AND FOR THE APPROVAL OF SUCH MATERIAL
The package shall be so designed in relation to its mass, volume and shape that it can be easily and
safely carried. In addition, the package shall be so designed that it can be properly secured in or on the
vehicle during carriage.
The design shall be such that any lifting attachments on the package will not fail when used in the
intended manner and that, if failure of the attachments should occur, the ability of the package to meet
other requirements of this Annex would not be impaired. The design shall take account of appropriate
safety factors to cover snatch lifting.