Method of testing

The IBC shall be caused to topple on to any part of its top on to a rigid, non-resilient, smooth, flat and
horizontal surface.

Topple height

Packing group I

Packing group II

Packing group III

1.8 m

1.2 m

0.8 m


Criteria for passing the test

No loss of contents. A slight discharge, e.g. from closures or stitch holes, upon impact shall not be
considered to be a failure of the IBC provided that no further leakage occurs.

Righting test


For all flexible IBCs designed to be lifted from the top or side, as a design type test.

Preparation of the IBC for test

The IBC shall be filled to not less than 95% of its capacity and to its maximum permissible gross
mass, the contents being evenly distributed.

Method of testing

The IBC, lying on its side, shall be lifted at a speed of at least 0.1 m/s to upright position, clear of the
floor, by one lifting device or by two lifting devices when four are provided.

Criteria for passing the test

No damage to the IBC or its lifting devices which renders the IBC unsafe for carriage or handling.

Vibration test


For all IBCs used for liquids, as a design type test.
NOTE: This test applies to design types for IBCs manufactured after 31 December 2010 (see

Preparation of the IBC for test

A sample IBC shall be selected at random and shall be fitted and closed as for carriage. The IBC shall
be filled with water to not less than 98% of its maximum capacity.

Test method and duration

The IBC shall be placed in the centre of the test machine platform with a vertical sinusoidal, double
amplitude (peak-to peak displacement) of 25 mm ± 5%. If necessary, restraining devices shall be
attached to the platform to prevent the specimen from moving horizontally off the platform without
restricting vertical movement.

The test shall be conducted for one hour at a frequency that causes part of the base of the IBC to be
momentarily raised from the vibrating platform for part of each cycle to such a degree that a metal
shim can be completely inserted intermittently at, at least, one point between the base of the IBC and
the test platform. The frequency may need to be adjusted after the initial set point to prevent the
packaging from going into resonance. Nevertheless, the test frequency shall continue to allow
placement of the metal shim under the IBC as described in this paragraph. The continuing ability to
insert the metal shim is essential to passing the test. The metal shim used for this test shall be at least
1.6 mm thick, 50 mm wide, and be of sufficient length to be inserted between the IBC and the test
platform a minimum of 100 mm to perform the test.

Criteria for passing the test

No leakage or rupture shall be observed. In addition, no breakage or failure of structural components,
such as broken welds or failed fastenings, shall be observed.
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