For all IBCs used for liquids, as a design type test.
NOTE: This test applies to design types for IBCs manufactured after 31 December 2010 (see
Preparation of the IBC for test
A sample IBC shall be selected at random and shall be fitted and closed as for carriage. The IBC shall
be filled with water to not less than 98% of its maximum capacity.
Test method and duration
The IBC shall be placed in the centre of the test machine platform with a vertical sinusoidal, double
amplitude (peak-to peak displacement) of 25 mm ± 5%. If necessary, restraining devices shall be
attached to the platform to prevent the specimen from moving horizontally off the platform without
restricting vertical movement.
The test shall be conducted for one hour at a frequency that causes part of the base of the IBC to be
momentarily raised from the vibrating platform for part of each cycle to such a degree that a metal
shim can be completely inserted intermittently at, at least, one point between the base of the IBC and
the test platform. The frequency may need to be adjusted after the initial set point to prevent the
packaging from going into resonance. Nevertheless, the test frequency shall continue to allow
placement of the metal shim under the IBC as described in this paragraph. The continuing ability to
insert the metal shim is essential to passing the test. The metal shim used for this test shall be at least
1.6 mm thick, 50 mm wide, and be of sufficient length to be inserted between the IBC and the test
platform a minimum of 100 mm to perform the test.
Criteria for passing the test
No leakage or rupture shall be observed. In addition, no breakage or failure of structural components,
such as broken welds or failed fastenings, shall be observed.
A test report containing at least the following particulars shall be drawn up and shall be made
available to the users of the IBC:
1. Name and address of the test facility;
2. Name and address of applicant (where appropriate);
3. A unique test report identification;
4. Date of the test report;
5. Manufacturer of the IBC;
6. Description of the IBC design type (e.g. dimensions, materials, closures, thickness, etc.)
including method of manufacture (e.g. blow moulding) and which may include drawing(s)
7. Maximum capacity;
8. Characteristics of test contents, e.g. viscosity and relative density for liquids and particle size
9. Test descriptions and results;
10. The test report shall be signed with the name and status of the signatory.
The test report shall contain statements that the IBC prepared as for carriage was tested in accordance
with the appropriate requirements of this Chapter and that the use of other packaging methods or
components may render it invalid. A copy of the test report shall be available to the competent
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND TESTING OF LARGE PACKAGINGS
The requirements of this Chapter do not apply to:
- packagings for Class 2, except large packagings for articles, including aerosols;
- packagings for Class 6.2, except large packagings for clinical waste of UN No. 3291;
- Class 7 packages containing radioactive material.
Large packagings shall be manufactured, tested and remanufactured under a quality assurance
programme which satisfies the competent authority in order to ensure that each manufactured or
remanufactured large packaging meets the requirements of this Chapter.
NOTE: ISO 16106:2006 "Packaging – Transport packages for dangerous goods – Dangerous
goods packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings – Guidelines for the
application of ISO 9001" provides acceptable guidance on procedures which may be followed.
The specific requirements for large packagings in 6.6.4 are based on large packagings currently used.
In order to take into account progress in science and technology, there is no objection to the use of
large packagings having specifications different from those in 6.6.4 provided they are equally
effective, acceptable to the competent authority and able successfully to withstand the tests described
in 6.6.5. Methods of testing other than those described in ADR are acceptable provided they are
equivalent and are recognized by the competent authority.