Scope and general requirements concerning the training of drivers
Drivers of vehicles carrying dangerous goods shall hold a certificate issued by the competent authority
stating that they have participated in a training course and passed an examination on the particular
requirements that have to be met during carriage of dangerous goods.
Drivers of vehicles carrying dangerous goods shall attend a basic training course. Training shall be
given in the form of a course approved by the competent authority. Its main objectives are to make
drivers aware of hazards arising in the carriage of dangerous goods and to give them basic information
indispensable for minimizing the likelihood of an incident taking place and, if it does, to enable them
to take measures which may prove necessary for their own safety and that of the public and the
environment, for limiting the effects of an incident. This training, which shall include individual
practical exercises, shall act as the basis of training for all categories of drivers covering at least the
subjects defined in 184.108.40.206.2. The competent authority may approve basic training courses limited to
specific dangerous goods or to a specific class or classes. These restricted basic training courses shall
not confer the right to attend the training courses referred to in 220.127.116.11.
Drivers of vehicles or MEMUs carrying dangerous goods in fixed tanks or demountable tanks with
a capacity exceeding 1 m3, drivers of battery-vehicles with a total capacity exceeding 1 m3 and drivers
of vehicles or MEMUs carrying dangerous goods in tank-containers, portable tanks or MEGCs with
an individual capacity exceeding 3 m3 on a transport unit, shall attend a specialization training course
for carriage in tanks covering at least the subjects defined in 18.104.22.168.3. The competent authority may
approve tank specialization training courses limited to specific dangerous goods or to a specific class
or classes. These restricted tank specialization training courses shall not confer the right to attend the
training courses referred to in 22.214.171.124.
Drivers of vehicles carrying dangerous goods of Class 1, other than substances and articles of Division
1.4, compatibility group S, or Class 7 shall attend specialization training courses covering at least the
subjects defined in 126.96.36.199.4 or 188.8.131.52.5, as applicable.
All training courses, practical exercises, examinations and the role of competent authorities shall
comply with the provisions of 8.2.2.
All training certificates conforming to the requirements of this section and issued in accordance with
184.108.40.206 by the competent authority of a Contracting Party shall be accepted during their period of
validity by the competent authorities of other Contracting Parties.
Special requirements concerning the training of drivers
The necessary knowledge and skills shall be imparted by training covering theoretical courses and
practical exercises. The knowledge shall be tested in an examination.
The training body shall ensure that the training instructors have a good knowledge of, and take into
consideration, recent developments in regulations and training requirements relating to the carriage of
dangerous goods. The training shall be practice-related. The training programme shall conform with
the approval referred to in 220.127.116.11, on the subjects set out in 18.104.22.168.2 to 22.214.171.124.5. The training shall
also include individual practical exercises (see 126.96.36.199.8).
Structure of training
Training shall be given in the form of a basic training course and, when applicable, specialization
training courses. Basic training courses and specialization training courses may be given in the form
of comprehensive training courses, conducted integrally, on the same occasion and by the same
Subjects to be covered by the basic training course shall be, at least:
(a) General requirements governing the carriage of dangerous goods;
(b) Main types of hazard;
(c) Information on environmental protection in the control of the transfer of wastes;
(d) Preventive and safety measures appropriate to the various types of hazard;
(e) What to do after an accident (first aid, road safety, basic knowledge about the use of protective
equipment, instructions in writing, etc.);
(f) Marking, labelling, placarding and orange-coloured plate marking;
(g) What a driver should and should not do during the carriage of dangerous goods;
(h) Purpose and the method of operation of technical equipment on vehicles;
(i) Prohibitions on mixed loading in the same vehicle or container;
(j) Precautions to be taken during loading and unloading of dangerous goods;
(k) General information concerning civil liability;
(l) Information on multimodal transport operations;
(m) Handling and stowage of packages;
(n) Traffic restrictions in tunnels and instructions on behaviour in tunnels (prevention of incidents,
safety, action in the event of fire or other emergencies, etc.);
(o) Security awareness.
Subjects to be covered by the specialization training course for carriage in tanks shall be, at least:
(a) Behaviour of vehicles on the road, including movements of the load;
(b) Specific requirements of the vehicles;
(c) General theoretical knowledge of the various and different filling and discharge systems;
(d) Specific additional provisions applicable to the use of those vehicles (certificates of approval,
approval marking, placarding and orange-coloured plate marking, etc.).
Subjects to be covered by the specialization training course for the carriage of substances and articles
of Class 1 shall be, at least:
(a) Specific hazards related to explosive and pyrotechnical substances and articles;
(b) Specific requirements concerning mixed loading of substances and articles of Class 1.