Substances including solutions and mixtures not mentioned by name shall be classified according to their degree of danger on the basis of the criteria mentioned in sub-section 2.2.x.1 of the various classes. The danger(s) presented by a substance shall be determined on the basis of its physical and chemical characteristics and physiological properties. Such characteristics and properties shall also be taken into account when such experience leads to a more stringent assignment.
A substance not mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2 presenting a single hazard shall be classified in the relevant class under a collective entry listed in sub-section 2.2.x.3 of that class.
A solution or mixture meeting the classification criteria of ADR composed of a single predominant substance mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2 and one or more substances not subject to ADR or traces of one or more substances mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2, shall be assigned the UN number and proper shipping name of the predominant substance mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2 unless:
(a) The solution or mixture is mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2;
(b) The name and description of the substance mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2 specifically indicate that they apply only to the pure substance;
(c) The class, classification code, packing group, or physical state of the solution or mixture is different from that of the substance mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2; or
(d) The hazard characteristics and properties of the solution or mixture necessitate emergency response measures that are different from those required for the substance mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2.
In those other cases, except the one described in (a), the solution or mixture shall be classified as a substance not mentioned by name in the relevant class under a collective entry listed in sub-section 2.2.x.3 of that class taking account of the subsidiary hazards presented by that solution or mixture, if any, unless the solution or mixture does not meet the criteria of any class, in which case it is not subject to ADR.
Solutions and mixtures containing substances belonging to one of the entries mentioned in 184.108.40.206.1 or 220.127.116.11.2 shall be classified in accordance with the provisions of these paragraphs.
Solutions and mixtures containing one of the following substances mentioned by name shall always be classified under the same entry as the substance they contain, provided they do not have the hazard characteristics as indicated in 18.104.22.168.3:
- Class 3
UN No. 1921 PROPYLENEIMINE, STABILIZED; UN No. 3064 NITROGLYCERIN
SOLUTION IN ALCOHOL with more than 1% but not more than 5% nitroglycerin;
- Class 6.1
UN No. 1051 HYDROGEN CYANIDE, STABILIZED, containing less than 3% water; UN No. 1185 ETHYLENEIMINE, STABILIZED; UN No. 1259 NICKEL CARBONYL; UN No. 1613 HYDROCYANIC ACID, AQUEOUS SOLUTION (HYDROGEN CYANIDE,
AQUEOUS SOLUTION), with not more than 20% hydrogen cyanide; UN No. 1614 HYDROGEN CYANIDE, STABILIZED, containing not more than 3% water and absorbed in a porous inert material; UN No. 1994 IRON PENTACARBONYL; UN No. 2480 METHYL ISOCYANATE; UN No. 2481 ETHYL ISOCYANATE; UN No. 3294 HYDROGEN
CYANIDE, SOLUTION IN ALCOHOL, with not more than 45% hydrogen cyanide;
- Class 8
UN No. 1052 HYDROGEN FLUORIDE, ANHYDROUS; UN No. 1744 BROMINE or UN No. 1744 BROMINE SOLUTION; UN No. 1790 HYDROFLUORIC ACID with more than 85% hydrogen fluoride; UN No. 2576 PHOSPHORUS OXYBROMIDE, MOLTEN;
Solutions and mixtures containing a substance belonging to one of the following entries of Class 9: UN No. 2315 POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS, LIQUID;
UN No. 3151 POLYHALOGENATED BIPHENYLS, LIQUID;
UN No. 3151 HALOGENATED MONOMETHYLDIPHENYLMETHANES, LIQUID; UN No. 3151 POLYHALOGENATED TERPHENYLS, LIQUID;
UN No. 3152 POLYHALOGENATED BIPHENYLS, SOLID;
UN No. 3152 HALOGENATED MONOMETHYLDIPHENYLMETHANES, SOLID; UN No. 3152 POLYHALOGENATED TERPHENYLS, SOLID; or
UN No. 3432 POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS, SOLID
shall always be classified under the same entry of Class 9 provided that:
- they do not contain any additional dangerous component other than components of packing group III of classes 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 6.1 or 8; and
- they do not have the hazard characteristics as indicated in 22.214.171.124.3.
Substances not mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2, having more than one hazard characteristic and solutions or mixtures meeting the classification criteria of ADR containing several dangerous substances shall be classified under a collective entry (see 126.96.36.199) and packing group of the appropriate class in accordance with their hazard characteristics. Such classification according to the hazard characteristics shall be carried out as follows:
The physical and chemical characteristics and physiological properties shall be determined by measurement or calculation and the substance, solution or mixture shall be classified according to the criteria mentioned in sub-section 2.2.x.1 of the various classes.
If this determination is not possible without disproportionate cost or effort (as for some kinds of wastes), the substance, solution or mixture shall be classified in the class of the component presenting the major hazard.
If the hazard characteristics of the substance, solution or mixture fall within more than one class or group of substances listed below then the substance, solution or mixture shall be classified in the class or group of substances corresponding to the major hazard on the basis of the following order of precedence:
(a) Material of Class 7 (apart from radioactive material in excepted packages for which, except for UN 3507 URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE, special provision 290 of Chapter 3.3 applies , where the other hazardous properties take precedence);
(b) Substances of Class 1;
(c) Substances of Class 2;
(d) Liquid desensitized explosives of Class 3;
(e) Self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives of Class 4.1;
(f) Pyrophoric substances of Class 4.2;
(g) Substances of Class 5.2;
(h) Substances of Class 6.1 meeting the inhalation toxicity criteria of packing group I (Substances meeting the classification criteria of Class 8 and having an inhalation toxicity of dust and mist (LC50) in the range of Packing group I and a toxicity through oral ingestion or dermal contact only in the range of Packing group III or less, shall be allocated to Class 8);
(i) Infectious substances of Class 6.2.
If the hazard characteristics of the substance fall within more than one class or group of substances not listed in 188.8.131.52.3 above, the substance shall be classified in accordance with the same procedure but the relevant class shall be selected according to the precedence of hazards table in 184.108.40.206.
If the substance to be carried is a waste, with a composition that is not precisely known, its assignment to a UN number and packing group in accordance with 220.127.116.11.2 may be based on the consignor’s knowledge of the waste, including all available technical and safety data as requested by safety and environmental legislation in force2.
In case of doubt, the highest danger level shall be taken.
If however, on the basis of the knowledge of the composition of the waste and the physical and chemical properties of the identified components, it is possible to demonstrate that the properties of the waste do not correspond to the properties of the packing group I level, the waste may be classified by default in the most appropriate n.o.s. entry of packing group II. However, if it is known that the waste possesses only environmentally hazardous properties, it may be assigned to packing group III under UN Nos. 3077 or 3082.
This procedure may not be used for wastes containing substances mentioned in 18.104.22.168.3, substances of Class 4.3, substances of the case mentioned in 22.214.171.124 or substances which are not accepted for carriage in accordance with 2.2.x.2.
The most specific applicable collective entry (see 126.96.36.199) shall always be used, i.e. a general n.o.s. entry shall only be used if a generic entry or a specific n.o.s. entry cannot be used.
Solutions and mixtures of oxidizing substances or substances with an oxidizing subsidiary hazard may have explosive properties. In such a case they are not to be accepted for carriage unless they meet the requirements for Class 1. For solid ammonium nitrate based fertilizers, see also 188.8.131.52.2, thirteenth and fourteenth indent and Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, Section 39.