Where a mixture has not been tested to determine its skin corrosion potential, nor is sufficient data available on similar mixtures, the corrosive properties of the substances in the mixture shall be considered to classify and assign a packing group.
Applying the calculation method is only allowed if there are no synergistic effects that make the mixture more corrosive than the sum of its substances. This restriction applies only if packing group II or III would be assigned to the mixture.
When using the calculation method, all Class 8 ingredients present at a concentration of ≥ 1% shall be taken into account, or < 1% if these ingredients are still relevant for classifying the mixture to be corrosive to skin.
To determine whether a mixture containing corrosive substances shall be considered a corrosive mixture and to assign a packing group, the calculation method in the flow chart in Figure 18.104.22.168.6.3 shall be applied.
When a specific concentration limit (SCL) is assigned to a substance following its entry in Table A of Chapter 3.2 or in a special provision, this limit shall be used instead of the generic concentration limits (GCL). This appears where 1% is used in the first step for the assessment of the packing group I substances, and where 5% is used for the other steps respectively in Figure 22.214.171.124.6.3.
For this purpose, the summation formula for each step of the calculation method shall be adapted. This means that, where applicable, the generic concentration limit shall be substituted by the specific concentration limit assigned to the substance(s) (SCLi), and the adapted formula is a weighted average of the different concentration limits assigned to the different substances in the mixture:
PG xi = concentration of substance 1, 2 …i in the mixture, assigned to packing group x (I, II or III)
GCL = generic concentration limit
SCLi = specific concentration limit assigned to substance i
The criterion for a packing group is fulfilled when the result of the calculation is ≥ 1. The generic concentration limits to be used for the evaluation in each step of the calculation method are those found in Figure 126.96.36.199.6.3.
Examples for the application of the above formula can be found in the note below.
NOTE: Examples for the application of the above formula
Example 1: A mixture contains one corrosive substance in a concentration of 5% assigned to packing group I without a specific concentration limit:
Calculation for packing group I: assign to Class 8, packing group I.
Example 2: A mixture contains three substances corrosive to skin; two of them (A and B) have specific concentration limits; for the third one (C) the generic concentration limit applies. The rest of the mixture needs not to be taken into consideration:
Substance X in the mixture and its packing group assignment within Class 8
Concentration (conc) in the mixture in %
Specific concentration limit (SCL) for packing group I
Specific concentration limit (SCL) for packing group II
Specific concentration limit (SCL) for packing group III
|A, assigned to packing group I||
|B, assigned to packing group I||
|C, assigned to packing group III||
Calculation for packing group I:
The criterion for packing group I is not fulfilled.
Calculation for packing group II:
The criterion for packing group II is not fulfilled.
Calculation for packing group III:
The criterion for packing group III is fulfilled, the mixture shall be assigned to Class 8, packing group III.
Figure 188.8.131.52.6.3: Calculation method
If substances of Class 8, as a result of admixtures, come into categories of risk different from those to which the substances mentioned by name in Table A of Chapter 3.2 belong, these mixtures or solutions shall be assigned to the entries to which they belong, on the basis of their actual degree of danger.
NOTE: For the classification of solutions and mixtures (such as preparations and wastes), see also 2.1.3.
On the basis of the criteria set out in paragraph 184.108.40.206.6, it may also be determined whether the nature of a solution or mixture mentioned by name or containing a substance mentioned by name is such that the solution or mixture is not subject to the provisions for this class.
NOTE: UN No. 1910 calcium oxide and UN No. 2812 sodium aluminate, listed in the UN Model Regulations, are not subject to the provisions of ADR.
Chemically unstable substances of Class 8 shall not be accepted for carriage unless the necessary precautions have been taken to prevent the possibility of a dangerous decomposition or polymerization under normal conditions of carriage. For the precautions necessary to prevent polymerization, see special provision 386 of Chapter 3.3. To this end particular care shall be taken to ensure that receptacles and tanks do not contain any substances liable to promote these reactions.
The following substances shall not be accepted for carriage:
- UN No. 1798 NITROHYDROCHLORIC ACID;
- chemically unstable mixtures of spent sulphuric acid;
- chemically unstable mixtures of nitrating acid or mixtures of residual sulphuric and nitric acids, not denitrated;
- perchloric acid aqueous solution with more than 72% pure acid, by mass, or mixtures of perchloric acid with any liquid other than water.
a Mixtures of solids which are not subject tothe provisions of ADR and of corrosive liquids may be carried under UN No. 3244 without being subject to the classification criteria of Class 8, provided there is no free liquid visible at the time thesubstanceisloaded oratthetime thepackaging, container ortransportunitis closed.Each packagingshall correspond to a design type which has passed the leakproofness test for Packing group II level.
b Chlorosilanes which, in contact with water or moist air, emit flammable gases, are substances of Class 4.3.
c Chloroformates having predominantly toxic properties are substances of Class 6.1.
dCorrosive substances which are highly toxic by inhalation, as defined in 220.127.116.11.4 to 18.104.22.168.9 are substances of Class 6.1.
e UN No. 2505 AMMONIUM FLUORIDE,UN No. 1812 POTASSIUM FLUORIDE, SOLID, UN No.1690 SODIUM FLUORIDE, SOLID, UN No. 2674 SODIUM FLUOROSILICATE, UN No. 2856 FLUOROSILICATES, N.O.S., UN No. 3415 SODIUM FLUORIDE SOLUTION and UN No. 3422 POTASSIUM FLUORIDE SOLUTION are substances of Class 6.1.
The heading of Class 9 covers substances and articles which, during carriage, present a danger not covered by the heading of other classes.