Packages containing excepted quantities of dangerous goods prepared in accordance with this Chapter shall be durably and legibly marked with the mark shown in 126.96.36.199. The first or only label number indicated in column (5) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 for each of the dangerous goods contained in the package shall be shown in the mark. Where the name of the consignor or consignee is not shown elsewhere on the package this information shall be included within the mark.
Excepted quantities mark
* The first or only label number indicated in column (5) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 shall be shown in this location.
** The name of the consignor or of the consignee shall be shown in this location if not shown elsewhere on the package.
The mark shall be in the form of a square. The hatching and symbol shall be of the same colour, black or red, on white or suitable contrasting background. The minimum dimensions shall be 100 mm x 100 mm. Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in approximate proportion to those shown.
For an overpack containing dangerous goods packed in excepted quantities, the following applies: Unless the marks representative of all dangerous goods in an overpack are visible, the overpack shall be:
– marked with the word “OVERPACK”. The lettering of the “OVERPACK” mark shall be at least 12 mm high. The mark shall be in an official language of the country of origin and also, if that language is not English, French or German, in English, French or German, unless agreements, if any, concluded between the countries concerned in the transport operation provide otherwise; and
– marked with the marks required by this Chapter.
The other provisions of 188.8.131.52 apply only if other dangerous goods which are not packed in excepted quantities are contained in the overpack and only in relation to these other dangerous goods.
The number of packages in any vehicle or container shall not exceed 1 000.
If a document or documents (such as a bill of lading, air waybill or CMR/CIM consignment note) accompanies(y) dangerous goods in excepted quantities, at least one of these documents shall include the statement "Dangerous Goods in Excepted Quantities" and indicate the number of packages.
NOTE: Packagings, including IBCs and large packagings, marked in accordance with 6.1.3, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168, 22.214.171.124, 6.3.4, 6.5.2 or 6.6.3 but which were approved in a country which is not Contracting Party to ADR may nevertheless be used for carriage under ADR.
NOTE: For the packing of goods of Classes 2, 6.2 and 7, the general provisions of this section only apply as indicated in 126.96.36.199 (Class 6.2), 188.8.131.52.5 (Class 7) and in the applicable packing instructions of 4.1.4 (P201 and LP200 for Class 2 and P620, P621, IBC620 and LP621 for Class 6.2).
Dangerous goods shall be packed in good quality packagings, including IBCs and large packagings, which shall be strong enough to withstand the shocks and loadings normally encountered during carriage, including trans-shipment between cargo transport units and between cargo transport units and warehouses as well as any removal from a pallet or overpack for subsequent manual or mechanical handling. Packagings, including IBCs and large packagings, shall be constructed and closed so as to prevent any loss of contents when prepared for transport which might be caused under normal conditions of transport, by vibration, or by changes in temperature, humidity or pressure (resulting from altitude, for example). Packagings, including IBCs and large packagings, shall be closed in accordance with the information provided by the manufacturer. No dangerous residue shall adhere to the outside of packagings, IBCs and large packagings during carriage. These provisions apply, as appropriate, to new, reused, reconditioned or remanufactured packagings and to new, reused, repaired or remanufactured IBCs, and to new, reused or remanufactured large packagings.
Parts of packagings, including IBCs and large packagings, which are in direct contact with dangerous goods:
(a) shall not be affected or significantly weakened by those dangerous goods;
(b) shall not cause a dangerous effect e.g. catalysing a reaction or reacting with the dangerous goods; and
(c) shall not allow permeation of the dangerous goods that could constitute a danger under normal conditions of carriage.
Where necessary, they shall be provided with a suitable inner coating or treatment.
NOTE: For chemical compatibility of plastics packagings, including IBCs, made from polyethylene see 184.108.40.206.
Unless otherwise provided elsewhere in ADR, each packaging, including IBCs and large packagings, except inner packagings, shall conform to a design type successfully tested in accordance with the requirements of 6.1.5, 6.3.5, 6.5.6 or 6.6.5, as applicable. The packagings for which the test is not required are mentioned under 220.127.116.11.
Büyük ambalajlar ve IBC'ler dâhil ambalajlar sıvı ile doldurulurken, taşıma esnasında sıcaklığa bağlı olarak sıvının genleşmesinden kaynaklanabilecek bir sızıntı veya kalıcı şekil bozukluğunun önlenmesi için yeterli boşluk (fire) bırakılır. Özel zorunluluklar belirtilmedikçe, sıvılar 55 °C sıcaklıkta bir ambalajı tamamen dolduramaz. Bununla birlikte, 50 °C ortalama dökme sıcaklığında, su kapasitesinin %98'inden daha fazla doldurulmamasını temin etmek için bir IBC'de yeterli boşluk bırakılmalıdır. 15 °C doldurma sıcaklığı için, azami doldurma derecesi, aksi belirtilmedikçe aşağıdaki iki yöntemden biriyle belirlenecektir:
Boiling point (initial boiling point) of the substance in °C
Degree of filling as a percentage of the capacity of the packaging
(b) degree of filling = % of the capacity of the packaging.
In this formula α represents the mean coefficient of cubic expansion of the liquid substance between 15 °C and 50 °C; that is to say, for a maximum rise in temperature of 35 °C,
α is calculated according to the formula:
d15 and d50 being the relative densities1 of the liquid at 15 °C and 50 °C and tf the mean temperature of the liquid at the time of filling.
Inner packagings shall be packed in an outer packaging in such a way that, under normal conditions of carriage, they cannot break, be punctured or leak their contents into the outer packaging. Inner packagings containing liquids shall be packed with their closures upward and placed within outer packagings consistent with the orientation marks prescribed in 18.104.22.168. Inner packagings that are liable to break or be punctured easily, such as those made of glass, porcelain or stoneware or of certain plastics materials, etc., shall be secured in outer packagings with suitable cushioning material. Any leakage of the contents shall not substantially impair the protective properties of the cushioning material or of the outer packaging.
Where an outer packaging of a combination packaging or a large packaging has been successfully tested with different types of inner packagings, a variety of such different inner packagings may also be assembled in this outer packaging or large packaging. In addition, provided an equivalent level of performance is maintained, the following variations in inner packagings are allowed without further testing of the package:
(a) Inner packagings of equivalent or smaller size may be used provided:
(i) the inner packagings are of similar design to the tested inner packagings (e.g. shape - round, rectangular, etc.);
(ii) the material of construction of the inner packagings (glass, plastics, metal, etc.) offers resistance to impact and stacking forces equal to or greater than that of the originally tested inner packaging;
(iii) the inner packagings have the same or smaller openings and the closure is of similar design (e.g. screw cap, friction lid, etc.);
(iv) sufficient additional cushioning material is used to take up void spaces and to prevent significant movement of the inner packagings; and
(v) inner packagings are oriented within the outer packaging in the same manner as in the tested package.
(b) A lesser number of the tested inner packagings, or of the alternative types of inner packagings identified in (a) above, may be used provided sufficient cushioning is added to fill the void space(s) and to prevent significant movement of the inner packagings.