Radioactive material, packagings and packages shall meet the requirements of Chapter 6.4. The quantity of radioactive material in a package shall not exceed the limits specified in 220.127.116.11.2, 18.104.22.168.4.1, 22.214.171.124.4.4, 126.96.36.199.4.5, 188.8.131.52.4.6, special provision 336 of Chapter 3.3 and 184.108.40.206.
The types of packages for radioactive materials covered by ADR, are:
(a) Excepted package (see 220.127.116.11);
(b) Industrial package Type 1 (Type IP-1 package);
(c) Industrial package Type 2 (Type IP-2 package);
(d) Industrial package Type 3 (Type IP-3 package);
(e) Type A package;
(f) Type B(U) package;
(g) Type B(M) package;
(h) Type C package.
Packages containing fissile material or uranium hexafluoride are subject to additional requirements.
The non-fixed contamination on the external surfaces of any package shall be kept as low as practicable and, under routine conditions of transport, shall not exceed the following limits:
(a) 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters; and
(b) 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
These limits are applicable when averaged over any area of 300 cm2 of any part of the surface
A package shall not contain any items other than those that are necessary for the use of the radioactive material. The interaction between these items and the package under the conditions of carriage applicable to the design, shall not reduce the safety of the package.
Except as provided in 7.5.11, CV33, the level of non-fixed contamination on the external and internal surfaces of overpacks, containers, tanks, IBCs and vehicles shall not exceed the limits specified in 18.104.22.168.2.
For radioactive material having other dangerous properties the package design shall take into account those properties. Radioactive material with a subsidiary hazard, packaged in packages that do not require competent authority approval, shall be carried in packagings, IBCs, tanks or bulk containers fully complying with the requirements of the relevant chapters of Part 6 as appropriate, as well as applicable requirements of chapters 4.1, 4.2 or 4.3 for that subsidiary hazard.
Before a packaging is first used to carry radioactive material, it shall be confirmed that it has been manufactured in conformity with the design specifications to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of ADR and any applicable certificate of approval. The following requirements shall also be fulfilled, if applicable:
(a) If the design pressure of the containment system exceeds 35 kPa (gauge), it shall be ensured that the containment system of each packaging conforms to the approved design requirements relating to the capability of that system to maintain its integrity under that pressure;
(b) For each packaging intended for use as a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package and for each packaging intended to contain fissile material, it shall be ensured that the effectiveness of its shielding and containment and, where necessary, the heat transfer characteristics and the effectiveness of the confinement system, are within the limits applicable to or specified for the approved design;
(c) For each packaging intended to contain fissile material, it shall be ensured that the effectiveness of the criticality safety features is within the limits applicable to or specified for the design and in particular where, in order to comply with the requirements of 22.214.171.124 neutron poisons are specifically included, checks shall be performed to confirm the presence and distribution of those neutron poisons.
Before each shipment of any package, it shall be ensured that the package contains neither:
(a) Radionuclides different from those specified for the package design; nor
(b) Contents in a form, or physical or chemical state different from those specified for the package
Before each shipment of any package, it shall be ensured that all the requirements specified in the relevant provisions of ADR and in the applicable certificates of approval have been fulfilled. The following requirements shall also be fulfilled, if applicable:
(a) It shall be ensured that lifting attachments which do not meet the requirements of 126.96.36.199 have been removed or otherwise rendered incapable of being used for lifting the package, in accordance with 188.8.131.52;
(b) Each Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C package shall be held until equilibrium conditions have been approached closely enough to demonstrate compliance with the requirements for temperature and pressure unless an exemption from these requirements has received unilateral approval;
(c) For each Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C package, it shall be ensured by inspection and/or appropriate tests that all closures, valves and other openings of the containment system through which the radioactive contents might escape are properly closed and, where appropriate, sealed in the manner for which the demonstrations of compliance with the requirements of 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 were made;
(d) For packages containing fissile material the measurement specified in 18.104.22.168 (b) and the tests to demonstrate closure of each package as specified in 22.214.171.124 shall be performed.
The consignor shall also have a copy of any instructions with regard to the proper closing of the package and any preparation for shipment before making any shipment under the terms of the certificates.
Except for consignments under exclusive use, the transport index of any package or overpack shall not exceed 10, nor shall the criticality safety index of any package or overpack exceed 50.
Except for packages or overpacks carried under exclusive use under the conditions specified in 7.5.11, CV33 (3.5)(a), the maximum radiation level at any point on any external surface of a package or overpack shall not exceed 2 mSv/h.
The maximum radiation level at any point on any external surface of a package or overpack under exclusive use shall not exceed 10 mSv/h.