The carriage of radioactive material shall be subject to a Radiation protection programme which shall consist of systematic arrangements aimed at providing adequate consideration of radiation protection measures.
Doses to persons shall be below the relevant dose limits. Protection and safety shall be optimized in order that the magnitude of individual doses, the number of persons exposed and the likelihood of incurring exposure shall be kept as low as reasonably achievable, economic and social factors being taken into account within the restriction that the doses to individuals be subject to dose constraints. A structured and systematic approach shall be adopted and shall include consideration of the interfaces between carriage and other activities.
The nature and extent of the measures to be employed in the programme shall be related to the magnitude and likelihood of radiation exposures. The programme shall incorporate the requirements in 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52 and 7.5.11 CV33 (1.1). Programme documents shall be available, on request, for inspection by the relevant competent authority.
For occupational exposures arising from transport activities, where it is assessed that the effective dose either:
(a) Is likely to be between 1 mSv and 6 mSv in a year, a dose assessment programme via work place monitoring or individual monitoring shall be conducted; or
(b) Is likely to exceed 6 mSv in a year, individual monitoring shall be conducted.
When individual monitoring or work place monitoring is conducted, appropriate records shall be kept.
NOTE: For occupational exposures arising from transport activities, where it is assessed that the effective dose is most unlikely to exceed 1 mSv in a year, no special work patterns, detailed monitoring, dose assessment programmes or individual record keeping need be required.
Workers (see 7.5.11, CV33 Note 3) shall be appropriately trained in radiation protection including the precautions to be observed in order to restrict their occupational exposure and the exposure of other persons who might be affected by their actions.
A management system based on international, national or other standards acceptable to the competent authority shall be established and implemented for all activities within the scope of ADR, as identified in 184.108.40.206, to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of ADR. Certification that the design specification has been fully implemented shall be available to the competent authority. The manufacturer, consignor or user shall be prepared:
(a) To provide facilities for inspection during manufacture and use; and
(b) To demonstrate compliance with ADR to the competent authority.
Where competent authority approval is required, such approval shall take into account and be contingent upon the adequacy of the management system.
220.127.116.11 Special arrangement shall mean those provisions, approved by the competent authority, under which consignments which do not satisfy all the requirements of ADR applicable to radioactive material may be transported.
NOTE: Special arrangement is not considered to be a temporary derogation in accordance with 1.5.1.
Consignments for which conformity with any provision applicable to radioactive material is impracticable shall not be transported except under special arrangement. Provided the competent authority is satisfied that conformity with the radioactive material provisions of ADR is impracticable and that the requisite standards of safety established by ADR have been demonstrated through alternative means the competent authority may approve special arrangement transport operations for single or a planned series of multiple consignments. The overall level of safety in carriage shall be at least equivalent to that which would be provided if all the applicable requirements had been met. For international consignments of this type, multilateral approval shall be required.
In addition to the radioactive and fissile properties, any subsidiary hazard of the contents of the package, such as explosiveness, flammability, pyrophoricity, chemical toxicity and corrosiveness, shall also be taken into account in the documentation, packing, labelling, marking, placarding, stowage, segregation and carriage, in order to be in compliance with all relevant provisions for dangerous goods of ADR.
In the event of non-compliance with any limit in ADR applicable to radiation level or contamination,
(a) The consignor, consignee, carrier and any organization involved during carriage who may be affected, as appropriate, shall be informed of the non-compliance by:
(i) the carrier if the non-compliance is identified during carriage; or
(ii) the consignee if the non-compliance is identified at receipt;
(b) The carrier, consignor or consignee, as appropriate shall:
(i) take immediate steps to mitigate the consequences of the non-compliance;
(ii) investigate the non-compliance and its causes, circumstances and consequences;
(iii) take appropriate action to remedy the causes and circumstances that led to the non- compliance and to prevent a recurrence of similar circumstances that led to the non- compliance; and
(iv) communicate to the competent authority(ies) on the causes of the non-compliance and on corrective or preventive actions taken or to be taken;
(c) The communication of the non-compliance to the consignor and competent authority(ies), respectively, shall be made as soon as practicable and it shall be immediate whenever an emergency exposure situation has developed or is developing.
The competent authorities of the Contracting Parties may, on their national territory, at any time, conduct spot checks to verify whether the requirements concerning the carriage of dangerous goods have been met including, in accordance with 18.104.22.168, those concerning security measures.
These checks shall, however, be made without endangering persons, property or the environment and without major disruption of road services.