Requirements concerning the construction and approval of vehicles
SCOPE, DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF VEHICLES
Scope and definitions
The requirements of Part 9 shall apply to vehicles of categories N and O, as defined in the
Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3)1, intended for the carriage of
These requirements refer to vehicles, as regards their construction, type approval, ADR approval and
annual technical inspection.
For the purposes of Part 9:
"Vehicle" means any vehicle, whether complete, incomplete or completed, intended for the carriage of
dangerous goods by road;
"EX/II vehicle" or "EX/III vehicle" means a vehicle intended for the carriage of explosive substances
and articles (Class 1);
"FL vehicle" means:
(a) A vehicle intended for the carriage of liquids having a flash-point of not more than 60°C
(with the exception of diesel fuel complying with standard EN 590:2013 + AC:2014, gas oil,
and heating oil (light) - UN No. 1202 - with a flash-point as specified in standard EN
590:2013 + AC:2014) in fixed tanks or demountable tanks with a capacity exceeding 1 m3 or
in tank-containers or portable tanks with an individual capacity exceeding 3 m3; or
(b) A vehicle intended for the carriage of flammable gases in fixed tanks or demountable tanks
with a capacity exceeding 1 m3 or in tank-containers, portable tanks or MEGCs with an
individual capacity exceeding 3 m3; or
(c) A battery-vehicle with a total capacity exceeding 1 m3 intended for the carriage of flammable
(d) “ox vehicle”,A vehicle intended for the carriage of hydrogen peroxide, stabilized or hydrogen peroxide,
aqueous solution stabilized with more than 60% hydrogen peroxide (Class 5.1, UN No.
2015) in fixed tanks or demountable tanks with a capacity exceeding 1 m3 or in tankcontainers
or portable tanks with an individual capacity exceeding 3 m3;
"AT vehicle" means:
(a) A vehicle, other than EX/III or FL vehicle or than a MEMU, intended for the carriage of
dangerous goods in fixed tanks or demountable tanks with a capacity exceeding 1 m3 or in
portable tanks or MEGCs with an individual capacity exceeding 3 m3; or
(b) A battery-vehicle with a total capacity exceeding 1 m3 other than a FL vehicle;
"MEMU" means a vehicle meeting the definition of mobile explosives manufacturing unit in 1.2.1.
"Complete vehicle" means any vehicle which does not need any further completion (e.g. one stage
built vans, lorries, tractors, trailers);
"Incomplete vehicle" means any vehicle which still needs completion in at least one further stage (e.g.
chassis-cab, trailer chassis);
"Completed vehicle" means any vehicle which is the result of a multi-stage process (e.g. chassis or
chassis-cab fitted with a bodywork);
"Type-approved vehicle" means any vehicle which has been approved in accordance with ECE
Regulation No. 1052;
"ADR approval" means certification by a competent authority of a Contracting Party that a single
vehicle intended for the carriage of dangerous goods satisfies the relevant technical requirements of
this Part as an EX/II, EX/III, FL or AT vehicle or as a MEMU.
1 United Nations document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.3
Approval of EX/II, EX/III, FL and AT vehicles and MEMUs
NOTE: No special certificates of approval shall be required for vehicles other than EX/II, EX/III, FL,
and AT vehicles and MEMUs, apart from those required by the general safety regulations normally
applicable to vehicles in the country of origin.
EX/II, EX/III, FL and AT vehicles and MEMUs shall comply with the relevant requirements of this
Every complete or completed vehicle shall be subjected to a first inspection by the competent
authority in accordance with the administrative requirements of this Chapter to verify conformity with
the relevant technical requirements of Chapters 9.2 to 9.8.
The competent authority may waive the first inspection for a tractor for a semi-trailer type-approved
in accordance with 22.214.171.124 for which the manufacturer, his duly accredited representative or a body
recognised by the competent authority has issued a declaration of conformity with the requirements of
The conformity of the vehicle shall be certified by the issue of a certificate of approval in accordance
When vehicles are required to be fitted with an endurance braking system, the manufacturer of the
vehicle or his duly accredited representative shall issue a declaration of conformity with the relevant
prescriptions of Annex 5 of ECE Regulation No. 133. This declaration shall be presented at the first
Requirements for type-approved vehicles
At the request of the vehicle manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, vehicles subject to
ADR approval according to 126.96.36.199 may be type-approved by a competent authority. The relevant
technical requirements of Chapter 9.2 shall be considered to be fulfilled if a type approval certificate
has been issued by a competent authority in accordance with ECE Regulation No. 1052 provided that
the technical requirements of the said Regulation correspond to those of Chapter 9.2 of this Part and
provided that no modification of the vehicle alters its validity. In the case of MEMUs, the type
approval mark affixed in accordance with ECE Regulation No. 105 may identify the vehicle as either
MEMU or EX/III. MEMUs need only be identified as such on the certificate of approval issued in
accordance with 9.1.3.
This type approval, granted by one Contracting Party, shall be accepted by the other Contracting
Parties as ensuring the conformity of the vehicle when the single vehicle is submitted for inspection
for ADR approval.
At the inspection for ADR approval, only those parts of the type-approved incomplete vehicle which
have been added or modified in the process of completion shall be inspected for compliance with the
applicable requirements of Chapter 9.2.
2 ECE Regulation No. 105 (Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles intended for the carriage of
dangerous goods with regard to their specific constructional features).
3 ECE Regulation No. 13 (Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles of categories M, N and O
with regards to braking).
Annual technical inspection
EX/II, EX/III, FL and AT vehicles and MEMUs shall be subject to an annual technical inspection in
their country of registration to make sure that they conform to the relevant requirements of this Part,
and to the general safety regulations (concerning brakes, lighting, etc.) in force in their country of
The conformity of the vehicle shall be certified either by the extension of validity of the certificate of
approval or by the issue of a new certificate of approval in accordance with 9.1.3.
Certificate of approval
Conformity of EX/II, EX/III, FL and AT vehicles and MEMUs with the requirements of this Part is
subject to a certificate of approval (certificate of ADR approval)4 issued by the competent authority of
the country of registration for each vehicle whose inspection yields satisfactory results or has resulted
in the issue of a declaration of conformity with the requirements of Chapter 9.2 in accordance with
A certificate of approval issued by the competent authority of one Contracting Party for a vehicle
registered in the territory of that Contracting Party shall be accepted, so long as its validity continues,
by the competent authorities of the other Contracting Parties.
The certificate of approval shall have the same layout as the model shown in 188.8.131.52. Its dimensions
shall be 210 mm × 297 mm (format A4). Both front and back may be used. The colour shall be
white, with a pink diagonal stripe.
It shall be drawn up in the language or one of the languages of the country issuing it. If that language
is not English, French or German, the title of the certificate of approval and any remarks under No. 11
shall also be drawn up in English, French or German.
The certificate of approval for a vacuum-operated waste tank-vehicle shall bear the following remark:
"vacuum-operated waste tank-vehicle".
The validity of a certificate of approval shall expire not later than one year after the date of the
technical inspection of the vehicle preceding the issue of the certificate. The next approval term shall,
however, be related to the last nominal expiry date, if the technical inspection is performed within one
month before or after that date.
However, in the case of tanks subject to compulsory periodic inspection this provision shall not mean
that tightness (leakproofness) tests, hydraulic pressure tests or internal inspections of tanks have to be
carried out at intervals shorter than those laid down in Chapters 6.8 and 6.9.
4 Guidelines for completing the certificate of approval may be consulted on the website of the secretariat of the
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.htm).
Model for certificate of approval for vehicles carrying certain dangerous goods
1 According to the definitions for power-driven vehicles and for trailers of categories N and O as defined in the
Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) or in Directive 2007/46/EC.
2 Strike out what is not appropriate.
3 Mark the appropriate.
4 Enter appropriate value. A value of 44t will not limit the "registration / in-service maximum permissible mass"
indicated in the registration document(s).
5 Substances assigned to the tank code specified in No. 9 or to another tank code permitted under the hierarchy
in 184.108.40.206.2 or 220.127.116.11.2, taking account of the special provision(s), if any.
6 Not required when the authorized substances are listed in No. 10.2.
13. Extensions of validity
Validity extended until
Stamp of issuing service, place, date, signature:
NOTE: This certificate shall be returned to the issuing service when the vehicle is taken out of service; if the
vehicle is transferred to another carrier, operator or owner, as specified in No. 5; on expiry of the validity of the
certificate; and if there is a material change in one or more essential characteristics of the vehicle.