Exemptions

Exemptions related to the nature of the transport operation

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to:
(a) The carriage of dangerous goods by private individuals where the goods in question are
packaged for retail sale and are intended for their personal or domestic use or for their leisure
or sporting activities provided that measures have been taken to prevent any leakage of
contents in normal conditions of carriage. When these goods are flammable liquids carried in
refillable receptacles filled by, or for, a private individual, the total quantity shall not exceed 60
litres per receptacle and 240 litres per transport unit. Dangerous goods in IBCs, large
packagings or tanks are not considered to be packaged for retail sale;
(b) The carriage of machinery or equipment not specified in this Annex and which happen to
contain dangerous goods in their internal or operational equipment, provided that measures
have been taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal conditions of carriage;
(c) The carriage undertaken by enterprises which is ancillary to their main activity, such as
deliveries to or returns from building or civil engineering sites, or in relation to surveying,
repairs and maintenance, in quantities of not more than 450 litres per packaging, including
intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings, and within the maximum quantities
specified in 1.1.3.6. Measures shall be taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal
conditions of carriage. These exemptions do not apply to Class 7.
Carriage undertaken by such enterprises for their supply or external or internal distribution
does not fall within the scope of this exemption;
(d) The carriage undertaken by the competent authorities for the emergency response or under
their supervision, insofar as such carriage is necessary in relation to the emergency response, in
particular carriage undertaken:
- by breakdown vehicles carrying vehicles which have been involved in accidents or have
broken down and contain dangerous goods; or
- to contain and recover the dangerous goods involved in an incident or accident and
move them to the nearest appropriate safe place;
(e) Emergency transport intended to save human lives or protect the environment provided that all
measures are taken to ensure that such transport is carried out in complete safety;
(f) The carriage of uncleaned empty static storage vessels which have contained gases of Class 2,
groups A, O or F, substances of Class 3 or Class 9 belonging to packing group II or III or
pesticides of Class 6.1 belonging to packing group II or III, subject to the following conditions:
- All openings with the exception of pressure relief devices (when fitted) are hermetically
closed;
- Measures have been taken to prevent any leakage of contents in normal conditions of
carriage; and
- The load is fixed in cradles or crates or other handling devices or to the vehicle or
container in such a way that they will not become loose or shift during normal
conditions of carriage.
This exemption does not apply to static storage vessels which have contained desensitized
explosives or substances the carriage of which is prohibited by ADR.
NOTE: For radioactive material, see also 1.7.1.4.

Exemptions related to the carriage of gases

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to the carriage of:
(a) Gases contained in the fuel tanks or cylinders of a vehicle performing a transport operation and
destined for its propulsion or for the operation of any of its equipment used or intended for use
during carriage (e.g. refrigerating equipment).
The gases may be carried in fixed fuel tanks or cylinders, directly connected to the vehicle’s
engine and/or auxiliary equipment or transportable pressure receptacles, which comply with
the pertinent legal provisions.
The total capacity of the fuel tanks or cylinders for a transport unit, including those allowed in
accordance with 1.1.3.3 (a), shall not exceed the amount of energy (MJ) or mass (kg)
corresponding to 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent.
NOTE 1: The value of 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent corresponds to the fuel limit of 1.1.3.3
(a) (1500 litres). For the energy content of fuels see the following Table:
 

Fuel

Energy content

Diesel

36 MJ/litre

Petrol

32 MJ/litre

Natural Gas/Biogas

35 MJ/Nm3

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)

24 MJ/litre

Ethanol

21 MJ/litre

Biodiesel

33 MJ/litre

Emulsion fuel

32 MJ/litre

Hydrogen

11 MJ/Nm3

 
 
The total capacity shall not exceed:
- 1 080 kg for LNG and CNG;
- 2 250 litres for LPG;
NOTE2: A container fitted with equipment for use during carriage, secured on a vehicle,
is considered as an integral part of the vehicle and benefits from the same exemptions as
regards the fuel necessary to operate the equipment.
(b) (Deleted)
(c) Gases of Groups A and O (according to 2.2.2.1), if the pressure of the gas in the receptacle or
tank at a temperature of 20 °C does not exceed 200 kPa (2 bar) and if the gas is not a liquefied
or a refrigerated liquefied gas. This includes every kind of receptacle or tank, e.g. also parts of
machinery and apparatus;
NOTE: This exemption does not apply to lamps. For lamps see 1.1.3.10.
(d) Gases contained in the equipment used for the operation of the vehicle (e.g. fire extinguishers),
including in spare parts (e.g. inflated pneumatic tyres); this exemption also applies to inflated
pneumatic tyres carried as a load;
(e) Gases contained in the special equipment of vehicles and necessary for the operation of this
special equipment during transport (cooling systems, fish-tanks, heaters, etc.) as well as spare
receptacles for such equipment or uncleaned empty exchange receptacles, transported in the
same transport unit;
(f) Gases contained in foodstuffs (except UN 1950), including carbonated beverages; and
(g) Gases contained in balls intended for use in sports.
(h) (Deleted)
 

Exemptions related to the carriage of liquid fuels

The provisions laid down in ADR do not apply to the carriage of:
(a) Fuel contained in the tanks of a vehicle performing a transport operation and destined for its
propulsion or for the operation of any of its equipment used or intended for use during carriage.
The fuel may be carried in fixed fuel tanks, directly connected to the vehicle’s engine and/or
auxiliary equipment, which comply with the pertinent legal provisions, or may be carried in
portable fuel containers (such as jerricans).
The total capacity of the fixed tanks shall not exceed 1500 litres per transport unit and the
capacity of a tank fitted to a trailer shall not exceed 500 litres. A maximum of 60 litres per
transport unit may be carried in portable fuel containers. These restrictions shall not apply to
vehicles operated by the emergency services.
NOTE1: A container fitted with equipment for use during carriage, secured on a vehicle,
is considered as an integral part of the vehicle and benefits from the same exemptions as
regards the fuel necessary to operate the equipment.
NOTE2: The total capacity of the tanks or cylinders, including those containing gaseous
fuels, shall not exceed 54 000 MJ energy-equivalent (see NOTE 1 in 1.1.3.2 (a)).
(b) and (c) (Deleted)

Exemptions related to special provisions or to dangerous goods packed in limited or excepted quantities

 
NOTE: For radioactive material, see also 1.7.1.4.

Certain special provisions of Chapter 3.3 exempt partially or totally the carriage of specific dangerous goods from the requirements of ADR. The exemption applies when the special provision is referred to in Column (6) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 against the dangerous goods entry concerned.

Certain dangerous goods may be subject to exemptions provided that the conditions of Chapter 3.4 are met.

Certain dangerous goods may be subject to exemptions provided that the conditions of Chapter 3.5 are met.

Exemptions related to empty uncleaned packagings

Empty uncleaned packagings (including IBCs and large packagings) which have contained substances of Classes 2, 3, 4.1, 5.1, 6.1, 8 and 9 are not subject to the conditions of ADR if adequate measures have been taken to nullify any hazard. Hazards are nullified if adequate measures have been taken to nullify all hazards of Classes 1 to 9.

Exemptions related to quantities carried per transport unit

For the purposes of this sub-section, dangerous goods are assigned to transport categories 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, as indicated in Column (15) of Table A of Chapter 3.2. Empty uncleaned packagings having contained substances assigned to transport category "0" are also assigned to transport category "0". Empty uncleaned packagings having contained substances assigned to a transport category other than "0" are assigned to transport category "4".

Where the quantity of dangerous goods carried on a transport unit does not exceed the values
indicated in column (3) of the table in 1.1.3.6.3 for a given transport category (when the dangerous
goods carried in the transport unit belong to the same category) or the value calculated in accordance
with 1.1.3.6.4 (when the dangerous goods carried in the transport unit belong to different transport
categories), they may be carried in packages in one transport unit without application of the following
provisions:
- Chapter 1.10 except for Class 1 explosives of UN Nos. 0029, 0030, 0059, 0065, 0073, 0104,
0237, 0255, 0267, 0288, 0289, 0290, 0360, 0361, 0364, 0365, 0366, 0439, 0440, 0441, 0455,
0456 and 0500 and except for Class 7 excepted packages of UN Nos. 2910 and 2911 if the
activity level exceeds the A2 value;
- Chapter 5.3;
- Section 5.4.3;
- Chapter 7.2, except for V5 and V8 of 7.2.4;
- CV1 of 7.5.11;
- Part 8 except for 8.1.2.1 (a),
8.1.4.2 to 8.1.4.5,
8.2.3,
8.3.3,
8.3.4,
8.3.5,
Chapter 8.4,
S1(3) and (6),
S2(1),
S4; S5,
S14 to S21 and
S24 of Chapter 8.5;
- Part 9.

Where the dangerous goods carried in the transport unit belong to the same category, the maximum total quantity per transport unit is indicated in column (3) of the table below.
 

Transport category

 

(1)

Substances or articles

packing group or classification code/group or UN No.

 

(2)

Maximum total quantity per transport unit (3)

0

Class 1: 1.1A/1.1L/1.2L/1.3L and UN No. 0190

Class 3: UN No. 3343

Class 4.2: Substances belonging to packing group I

Class 4.3: UN Nos. 1183, 1242, 1295, 1340, 1390, 1403, 1928, 2813, 2965,

2968, 2988, 3129, 3130, 3131, 3134, 3148, 3396, 3398 and 3399

Class 5.1: UN No. 2426

Class 6.1: UN Nos. 1051, 1600, 1613, 1614, 2312, 3250 and 3294

Class 6.2: UN Nos. 2814 and 2900

Class 7: UN Nos. 2912 to 2919, 2977, 2978 and 3321 to 3333 Class 8: UN No. 2215 (MALEIC ANHYDRIDE, MOLTEN)

Class 9: UN Nos. 2315, 3151, 3152 and 3432 and articles containing such substances or mixtures

and empty uncleaned packagings, except those classified under UN No. 2908, having contained substances classified in this transport category.

0

1

Substances and articles belonging to packing group I and not classified in transport category 0

and substances and articles of the following classes:

Class 1: 1.1B to 1.1J /1.2B to 1.2J/1.3C/1.3G/1.3H/1.3J/1.5D a

Class 2: groups T, TC a, TO, TF, TOC and TFC

aerosols: groups C, CO, FC, T, TF, TC, TO, TFC and TOC chemicals under pressure: UN Nos. 3502, 3503, 3504 and 3505

Class 4.1: UN Nos. 3221 to 3224, 3231 to 3240, 3533 and 3534

Class 5.2: UN Nos. 3101 to 3104 and 3111 to 3120

20

2

Substances belonging to packing group II and not classified in transport categories 0, 1 or 4

and substances and articles of the following classes: Class 1: 1.4B to 1.4G and 1.6N

Class 2: group F

aerosols: group F

chemicals under pressure: UN No. 3501 Class 4.1: UN Nos. 3225 to 3230, 3531 and 3532

Class 4.3: UN Nos. 3292

Class 5.1: UN Nos. 3356

Class 5.2: UN Nos. 3105 to 3110

Class 6.1: UN Nos. 1700, 2016 and 2017

and substances belonging to packing group III Class 9: UN No. 3090, 3091, 3245, 3480 and 3481

333

3

Substances belonging to packing group III and not classified in transport categories 0, 2 or 4

and substances and articles of the following classes:

Class 2: groups A and O

aerosols: groups A and O

chemicals under pressure: UN No. 3500 Class 3: UN No. 3473

Class 4.3: UN No. 3476

Class 8: UN Nos. 2794, 2795, 2800, 3028, 3477 and 3506

Class 9: UN Nos. 2990 and 3072

1 000

4

Class 1: 1.4S

Class 4.1: UN Nos. 1331, 1345, 1944, 1945, 2254 and 2623

Class 4.2: UN Nos. 1361 and 1362 packing group III Class 7: UN Nos. 2908 to 2911

Class 9: UN Nos. 3268, 3499, 3508 and 3509

and empty, uncleaned packagings having contained dangerous goods, except for those classified in transport category 0

unlimited

 
a For UN Nos. 0081, 0082, 0084, 0241, 0331, 0332, 0482, 1005 and 1017, the total maximum quantity per transport unit shall be 50 kg.
 
In the above table, "maximum total quantity per transport unit" means:
- For articles, gross mass in kilograms (for articles of Class 1, net mass in kilograms of the
explosive substance; for dangerous goods in machinery and equipment specified in this Annex,
the total quantity of dangerous goods contained therein in kilograms or litres as appropriate);
- For solids, liquefied gases, refrigerated liquefied gases and dissolved gases, net mass in
kilograms;
- For liquids, the total quantity of dangerous goods contained in litres;
- For compressed gases, adsorbed gases and chemicals under pressure, the water capacity of the
receptacle in litres.

Where dangerous goods of different transport categories are carried in the same transport unit, the
sum of:
- The quantity of substances and articles of transport category 1 multiplied by "50";
- The quantity of substances and articles of transport category 1 referred to in Note a to the table
in 1.1.3.6.3 multiplied by "20";
- The quantity of substances and articles of transport category 2 multiplied by "3"; and
- The quantity of substances and articles of transport category 3;
shall not exceed "1 000".

For the purposes of this sub-section, dangerous goods exempted in accordance with 1.1.3.1 (a), (b)
and (d) to (f), 1.1.3.2 to 1.1.3.5, 1.1.3.7, 1.1.3.9 and 1.1.3.10 shall not be taken into account.
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